News Category: evidencebased

The Evidence Base: Child Maltreatment Risk Factors

April 24, 2019

Family structure, particularly when unstable, is associated with increased child maltreatment risk.1Single parenthood more than doubles the risk of Child Protective Services (CPS) involvement, and one study found it to be the second largest predictor of child maltreatment, only after income.2Single parenthood contributes to financial stress, social isolation, and lack of social support, all increasing the likelihood of child maltreatment.3 Similarly, paternity status is associated with child maltreatment risk, and the presence of non-biologi

The Evidence Base: Predictors of Infant Health

Dec. 7, 2018

Prenatal care is key to preventing pregnancy complications and identifying intimate partner violence.1,2,3 “Inadequate” prenatal care is associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery compared with women receiving “adequate” care.4 “Adequate” care significantly reduces risk for premature birth, low birth weight, and small-for-gestational-age status in drug-exposed infants.5Late entry to prenatal care has been associated with increased risk for neonatal death, infant death, and cumulative death within the first year of life.6

The Evidence Base: Predictors of School Readiness

Aug. 13, 2018

Access to high-quality childcare betters outcomes in the following domains: neuro-typical brain development;1 reading and associated competencies (vocabulary, language performance, and emergent literacy);2 and social-emotional development (emotional understanding, social problem solving, and learning engagement).3,4 It yields the highest short and long-term benefits for low-income children relative to their higher-income peers.5,6,7

The Evidence Base: Predictors of Father Involvement

June 29, 2018

A positive co-parenting relationship with their child’s mother is strongly associated with both the quantity and quality of father involvement.1,2  When mothers support fathers’ relationships with their children and parents can cooperate with and support one another in raising their child, fathers see their children more, engage in more activities with them, and have more positive relationships with them.3,4,5 The quality of parents’ relationships also matter: mothers who have positive relationships with their children’s fathers are more likely to have