Predictors of Father Involvement

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Children benefit in many ways when their fathers are involved in their lives. A positive father-child relationship is linked to a host of positive outcomes, and research identifies four key predictors of father involvement: 1) a positive coparenting relationship; 2) financial stability; 3) a reduction of risky and criminal behavior; and 4) parenting confidence, knowledge, and skills. By supporting fathers in these key areas, organizations can facilitate fathers' involvement in their children’s lives and support healthy child development. Learn more about the four predictors of father involvement and consider how your services can support fathers in one of these key areas.

In addition to the four key predictors of father involvement, for unmarried parents, paternity establishment in the hospital is linked to higher levels of subsequent father involvement and support, as well as numerous positive child outcomes. Learn more about paternity establishment in Texas or visit the Office of the Attorney General's Child Support Division website.


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Four Predictors of Father Involvement (Infographic)

Share or display information about the four predictors of father involvement with this infographic.

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Four Predictors of Father Involvement (One Pager)

Learn how each predictor is linked to increased father involvement through this high-level summary of the research.

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Four Predictors of Father Involvement (Slides)

Find a detailed description of the four predictors of father involvement and learn how each predictor affects families, along with graphics to help organizations understand why fathers need support in these four areas.


Dads on the Dotted Line: Why Unmarried Dads Don't Establish Paternity

The signing of a voluntary acknowledgment of paternity is an unmarried father’s first legal act of fatherhood; without it, he has none of the legal rights or responsibilities of parenthood. Paternity establishment is also a milestone opportunity for an unmarried father to demonstrate his commitment to his child. This infographic explains why some unmarried fathers do not sign the acknowledgment of paternity form, and suggests actions organizations can take to address each reason fathers do not establish paternity.

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5 Things You Should Know about Nonmarital Births and Paternity Establishment

This one pager provides a primer on nonmarital births, highlighting some of the essential trends and legal considerations relevant to births that occur outside of marriage.

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Why Parents Establish Paternity: A Study of Unmarried Parents

Survey data from 800 Texas mothers who had recently given birth outside of marriage show that fathers’ absence from the birth, lack of understanding about the legal benefits of paternity establishment, and doubts about the father’s paternity all play a role in the failure to establish paternity. Greater educational outreach during the prenatal period and strengthened training for birth registrars may lead to higher and more accurate rates of in-hospital paternity establishment.

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Mapping the Paternity Establishment Decision: Regional Variation in Unmarried Fathers

Using survey data from a sample of unmarried Texas mothers, CFRP's study found that even when fathers attend the birth of their child, the most common reasons for not establishing paternity are operational—from missing the moment the Acknowledgement of Paternity (AOP) was offered, to not having proper identification, to not being given (or not remembering) the chance to sign. These findings suggest that programs can address gaps in paternity establishment by targeting their efforts towards regions with low rates of AOP-signing among fathers who are at the hospital.