1 Palkovitz, R., Fagan, J., & Hull, J. (2013). Coparenting and children’s well-being. In N. J. Cabrera & C. S. Tamis-LeMonda (Eds.), Handbook of father involvement (2nd ed., pp. 202–219). New York: Routledge.
2 Hohmann-Marriott, B. (2011). Coparenting and father involvement in married and unmarried coresident couples. Journal of Marriage and Family, 73(1), 296–309. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00805.x
3 Doherty, W. J., Kouneski, E. F., & Erickson, M. F. (1998). Responsible fathering: An overview and conceptual framework. Journal of Marriage and Family, 60(2), 277. https://doi.org/10.2307/353848
4 Waller, M. R. (2012). Cooperation, conflict, or disengagement? Coparenting styles and father involvement in fragile families. Family Process, 51(3), 325–342. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2012.01403.x
5 Carlson, M. J., McLanahan, S. S., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2008). Coparenting and nonresident fathers’ involvement with young children after a nonmarital birth. Demography, 45(2), 461–488. https://doi.org/10.1353/dem.0.0007
6 Varga, C. M., Gee, C. B., Rivera, L., & Reyes, C. X. (2017). Coparenting mediates the association between relationship quality and father involvement. Youth & Society, 49(5), 588–609. https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X14548529
7 Gee, C. B., McNerney, C. M., Reither, M. J., & Leaman, S. C. (2007). Adolescent and young adult mothers' relationship quality during the transition to parenthood: Associations with father involvement in fragile families. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36(2), 213-224. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-006-9130-x
8 Ryan, R. M., Kalil, A., & Ziol-Guest, K. M. (2008). Longitudinal patterns of non-residential fathers' involvement: The role of resources and relations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 70(4), 962-977. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2008.00539.x
9 Marsiglio, W., Amato, P., Day, R. D., & Lamb, M. E. (2000). Scholarship on fatherhood in the 1990s and beyond. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(4), 1173–1191. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.01173.x
10 McLanahan, S. S., & Beck, A. N. (2010). Parental relationships in fragile families. Future of Children, 20(2), 17–37. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20773693
11 Coley, R. L., & Hernandez, D. C. (2006). Predictors of paternal involvement for resident and nonresident low-income fathers. Developmental Psychology, 42(6), 1041–1056. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1681
12 Coleman, P. K., & Karraker, K. H. (1998). Self-efficacy and parenting quality: Findings and future applications. Developmental Review, 18(1), 47–85. https://doi.org/10.1006/drev.1997.0448
13 Jones, T. L., & Prinz, R. J. (2005). Potential roles of parental self-efficacy in parent and child adjustment: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 25(3), 341–363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2004.12.004
14 Shumow, L., & Lomax, R. (2002). Parental efficacy: Predictor of parenting behavior and adolescent outcomes. Parenting, 2(2), 127–150. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327922PAR0202_03
15 Leerkes, E. M., & Burney, R. V. (2007). The development of parenting efficacy among new mothers and fathers. Infancy, 12(1), 45–67. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7078.2007.tb00233.x
16 Coley, R. L., & Hernandez, D. C. (2006). Predictors of paternal involvement for resident and nonresident low-income fathers. Developmental Psychology, 42(6), 1041–1056. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1622.214.171.1241
17 Trahan, M. H. (2017). Paternal self-efficacy and father involvement: A bi-directional relationship. Psychology of Men & Masculinity. https://doi.org/10.1037/men0000130
18 Favez, N., Tissot, H., Frascarolo, F., Stiefel, F., & Despland, J. N. (2016). Sense of competence and beliefs about parental roles in mothers and fathers as predictors of coparenting and child engagement in mother-father-infant triadic interactions: Parental sense of competence, beliefs, and coparenting. Infant and Child Development, 25(4), 283–301. https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.1934
19 Goldberg, J. S. (2015). Identity and involvement among resident and nonresident fathers. Journal of Family Issues, 36(7), 852–879. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X13500963
20 Henley, K., & Pasley, K. (2005). Conditions affecting the association between father identity and father involvement. Fathering, 3(1), 59–80. Retrieved from http://www.mensstudies.info/OJS/index.php/FATHERING/article/view/224
21 Tamis-LeMonda, C., & Cabrera, N. (1999). Perspectives on father involvement: Research and social policy. Social Policy Report: Society for Research in Child Development, 13(2), 1–32.
22 Doherty, W. J., Kouneski, E. F., & Erickson, M. F. (1998). Responsible fathering: An overview and conceptual framework. Journal of Marriage and Family, 60(2), 277. https://doi.org/10.2307/353848
23 Högnäs, R. S., & Williams, H. (2017). Maternal kinship involvement and father identity in fragile families. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 38(2), 249–262. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10834-016-9487-2
24 Ryan, R. M., Kalil, A., & Ziol-Guest, K. M. (2008). Longitudinal patterns of non-residential fathers' involvement: The role of resources and relations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 70(4), 962-977. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2008.00539.x
25 Doherty, W. J., Kouneski, E. F., & Erickson, M. F. (1998). Responsible fathering: An overview and conceptual framework. Journal of Marriage and Family, 60(2), 277. https://doi.org/10.2307/353848
26 Nepomnyaschy, L. (2007). Child support and father-child contact: Testing reciprocal pathways. Demography, 44(1), 93–112. https://doi.org/10.1353/dem.2007.0008
27 Turner, K. J., & Waller, M. R. (2017). Indebted relationships: child support arrears and nonresident fathers’ involvement with children: Child support arrears and father involvement. Journal of Marriage and Family, 79(1), 24–43. https://doi.org/10.1111/jomf.12361.
28 Waller, M. R., & Swisher, R. (2006). Fathers’ risk factors in fragile families: Implications for “healthy” relationships and father involvement. Social Problems, 53(3), 392–420. https://doi.org/10.1525/sp.2006.53.3.392.
29 Berger, L. M., & Langton, C. E. (2011). Young disadvantaged men as fathers. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 635, 56–75. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716210393648
30 Woldoff, R. A., & Washington, H. M. (2008). Arrested contact: The criminal justice system, race, and father engagement. The Prison Journal, 88(2), 179–206. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032885508319154.
31 Osborne, C., et al. (2013). A portrait of father involvement and support in the first three years after a nonmarital birth. Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin, LBJ School of Public Affairs, Child & Family Research Partnership. Retrieved from https://childandfamilyresearch.utexas.edu/portrait-father-involvement-and-support-first-three-years-after-nonmarital-birth
32 Fagan, J., & Lee, Y. (2012). Effects of fathers’ early risk and resilience on paternal engagement with 5-year-olds. Family Relations, 61(5), 878–892. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2012.00741.x.
33 Harknett, K., & Knab, J. (2007). More kin, less support: Multipartnered fertility and perceived support among mothers. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69, 237–253. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00356.x
34 Baker, C. E. (2014). African American fathers’ depression and stress as predictors of father involvement during early childhood. Journal of Black Psychology, 40(4), 311–333. https://doi.org/10.1177/0095798413486480.
35 Fagan, J., Bernd, E., & Whiteman, V. (2007). Adolescent fathers’ parenting stress, social support, and involvement with infants. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 17(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2007.00510.x.
36 Bronte-Tinkew, J., Ryan, S., Carrano, J., & Moore, K. A. (2007). Resident fathers’ pregnancy intentions, prenatal behaviors, and links to involvement with infants. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69(4), 977–999. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2007.00425.x
37 Coley, R. L., & Chase-Lansdale, P. L. (1998). Adolescent pregnancy and parenthood: Recent evidence and future directions. American Psychologist, 53(2), 152–166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.53.2.152.
38 Fagan, J., Palkovitz, R., Roy, K., & Farrie, D. (2009). Pathways to paternal engagement: Longitudinal effects of risk and resilience on nonresident fathers. Developmental Psychology, 45(5), 1389–1405. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015210