1 Martin, Joyce A., et al. (2013). Births: Final data for 2012. National Vital Statistics Reports, 62(9). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_09.pdf
2 Solomon-Fears, Carmen. (2008, November 20). Nonmarital Childbearing: Trends, Reasons, and Public Policy Interventions. CRS Report for Congress No. RL34756. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL34756.pdf
3 Martin, Joyce A., et al. (2013). Births: Final data for 2012. National Vital Statistics Reports, 62(9). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_09.pdf
4 Child Trends. July 2013. Births to Unmarried Women: Indicators on Children and Youth. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/75_Births_to_Unmarried_Women.pdf
5 Child Trends. July 2013. Births to Unmarried Women: Indicators on Children and Youth. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/75_Births_to_Unmarried_Women.pdf
6 Shattuck, Rachel M., Kreider, Rose M. Social and Economic Characteristics of Currently Unmarried Women With a Recent Birth: 2011. American Community Survey Reports. May 2013. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acs-21.pdf.
7 McLanahan, S., & Percheski, C. (2008). Family structure and the reproduction of inequalities. Annu. Rev. Sociol, 34, 257-276.
8 Mincy, R., Garfinkel, I., & Nepomnyaschy, L. (2005). In-Hospital Paternity Establishment and Father Involvement in Fragile Families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67(3), 611-626.; Argys, L. M., & Peters, H. E. (2001). Interactions between unmarried fathers and their children: The role of paternity establishment and child support policies. The American Economic Review, 91(2), 125-129.; Amato, P. R. (2005). The impact of family formation change on the cognitive, social, and emotional well-being of the next generation. The Future of Children, 15(2), 75-96.
9 Child and Family Research Partnership. (2014). Why Parents Establish Paternity. A Study of Unmarried Parents. (Research Brief B.004.0114). Retrieved from CFRP Brief - Why Parents Establish Paternity.